A History of The American Diner.

I was looking for a plan of an old fashioned railroad car diner so that I could make a 3D model for cover art an I found a lot more than I was looking for.
This picture from Flikr shows what I was looking for.
The Lunch Box Diner
This old diner is in much better shape than the two I found in town.
This is my local diner.
http://oremsdiner.com
There are a lot of diners around and they are great way to get a nice meal that isn’t too fancy.
https://www.dinerville.info/

I’ve been going to diners since I was a kid and I’ve always wondered why they sort of looked like railroad or trolley cars.

I decided to look into and found lunch wagons to start off with.
https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/original-food-trucks
https://www.thehenryford.org/collections-and-research/digital-collections/expert-sets/12232/
these lunch wagons evolved into the diners that we know when regular restaurants politicked to ban the cars.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diner
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Worcester_Lunch_Car_Company
https://books.google.com/books?id=o-AYRZieQtkC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false
So the lunch cars lost their wheels and set up roots in the early 20th century The advantage if this was that the buildings could be prefabricated in a factory and plopped down in convenient spots where there might be hungry customers.
Embed from Getty Images
Some diners were built from old trolley and railroad cars, like this one:

And this one:
http://www.flickriver.com/groups/oldrealdiners/pool/interesting/
Most, though were prefabricated in a factory as a diner. If you look closely, most diners have none of the hardware and fittings of an old railroad car and are wider in most cases than a railroad car and less sturdy since a diner didn’t spend its life in a train.
Older diners will frequently have taller foundations because they had wheels at one time. This one is a case in point.
The Lunch Box Diner

The big three of the dining car business were the Worcester lunch car company in Massachusetts, the O’Manhony Diner company in New Jersey and the Tierney/DeRaffele company in New Rochelle NY.
https://www.revolvy.com/page/Worcester-Lunch-Car-Company
https://www.revolvy.com/page/Jerry-O%27Mahony-Diner-Company
https://www.revolvy.com/page/Tierney-Dining-Cars
https://www.revolvy.com/page/DeRaffele-Manufacturing
What these companies produced was a portable restaurant that would be shipped to the lot where the prospective owner would start his business.
Tierney Diners
http://scalar.usc.edu/works/the-evolution-of-the-american-diner/booming-industry

Jerry O’Mahony Dining Cars
Here’s what a diner looked like on the inside.

Diners grew in the 1930’s and 1940’s when the low start up costs and the ability to move the building were advantages. After WW2 the diner industry had to deal with the growth of franchise restaurants and new ways of serving food. The typical diner also became larger and more like a permanent building. But if you look around, you might find one of those old fashioned cars, still serving burgers and shakes. Here’s a bunch of links to diner related articles, books and posts.

https://www.curbed.com/2017/5/30/15716116/restaurants-diners-prefab-historic-preservation
https://www.bonappetit.com/restaurants-travel/article/new-jersey-diner-exhibit
https://www.newsday.com/lifestyle/restaurants/all-aboard-the-railroad-car-diner-1.3281285
https://njmonthly.com/articles/eat-drink/classic-diners-jersey-gems/?fbclid=IwAR2odhgMH09pS2ae0JRqoCGGEko3FohDPCDJCLeNQ6881-ATWzjjTgzk26Q
https://www.uvm.edu/landscape/dating/roadside_architecture/diners.php
https://books.google.com/books?id=OV4t43mxDMEC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false
http://www.middlesexcountynj.gov/Government/Departments/BDE/Pages/History-of-New-Jersey-Diners-Exhibit.aspx
https://dinerhunter.com/
https://kjpatrick.wordpress.com/
https://dinerhotline.wordpress.com/
https://www.richardgutman.com/
https://culinaryartsmuseum.pastperfectonline.com/
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/a-life-devoted-to-the-american-diner-472278/
https://www.dreamdiner.com/
http://www.nydiners.com/
https://journals.psu.edu/wph/article/view/4213/4030
https://njmonthly.com/articles/eat-drink/classic-diners-jersey-gems/?fbclid=IwAR2odhgMH09pS2ae0JRqoCGGEko3FohDPCDJCLeNQ6881-ATWzjjTgzk26Q

https://westfaironline.com/71276/deraffele-manufacturing-among-last-of-the-diner-builders/

 http://www.flickriver.com/groups/oldrealdiners/pool/interesting/
http://www.skeesdiner.org/
https://www.buzzfeed.com/melismashable/20-nostalgic-pictures-of-old-fashioned-diners#3783tla
http://journalofantiques.com/features/johnson-wales-culinary-museum-greasin-up-the-griddle-and-rollin-into-history/

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